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The ALICE® Report

Who is ALICE?

ALICE represents the 27% of Pennsylvanians who work, but struggle to survive. ALICE stands for Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed.


ALICE earns above the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), but makes less than what’s needed to afford basic essentials. ALICE often earns too much to qualify for government assistance, and there is no room in ALICE’s budget for emergency expenses. If you combine PA households earning below the ALICE Threshold with those living below the FPL, that’s 39% of PA households who face financial hardship every day, in every county in PA.

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The ALICE Reports

2023 Report - ALICE in the Crosscurrents: COVID and Financial Hardship in PA

This ALICE Report provides the first look at the extent of financial hardship in Pennsylvania using ALICE metrics since the COVID-19 pandemic began. The pandemic has disrupted longstanding patterns in how and where people live, work, study, save, and spend their time. And the story of ALICE and the pandemic is still unfolding as this Report is being written, amid an ongoing health crisis and an economic and public policy landscape that continues to shift. In a time of change, United For ALICE remains committed to providing the most up-to-date local data possible on financial hardship in Pennsylvania and across the U.S.

2021 Survey - COVID-19 Impacts on Pennsylvania: The ALICE Story; One Year Later

One year into the COVID-19 crisis, Pennsylvanians are still grappling with the far-reaching effects of the health risks and economic slowdown. Households above and below the ALICE threshold are struggling to adapt, although families who were financially vulnerable before the pandemic are experiencing more difficulties. Read the updated COVID-19 Impact Survey Report to learn more about what PA respondents had to say about the ways the crisis has affected them.

2020 Report - ALICE in Pennsylvania: A Financial Hardship Study

This report provides high-quality, research-based information to foster a better understanding of who is struggling in our communities. The 2020 report releases new data and tools that explain the persistent level of hardship faced by ALICE households, revealing aspects of the Pennsylvania economy not tracked by traditional economic measures.

2020 Survey - COVID-19 Impact on Pennsylvania: The ALICE Story

The number of households struggling to survive is only expected to increase as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. In August 2020, over 1,700 people living in Pennsylvania responded to a survey about how their households have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Thank you Corporate Partners!
Rock Star Sponsor:
WellSpan Health


Franklin County

In Franklin County, 34% of households are living below the survival budget. This means they cannot afford basic needs such as housing, child care, food, transportation, health care, and technology.

Fulton County

In Fulton County, 41% of households are living below the survival budget. This means they cannot afford basic needs such as housing, child care, food, transportation, health care, and technology.

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The Power of ALICE

Based on the 2023 ALICE Report, 1 in every 4 households in Franklin County are ALICE. One in every four families in our community are working hard, giving back, yet don’t know if they can put dinner on the table every night for their family. This begs the question: without ALICE, what would our community be like? This is the Power of ALICE.

United Way of Franklin County partnered with local photographer Phillip Whitley, Mrphab Photos, for an exhibit. “The Power of ALICE” aims portray the real-life joys and stresses of three ALICE families living in our community to help show their strength.


Note: This project was based on the 2018 data. The most recent ALICE report reflect an increase in the number of ALICE Households since this project was created.

Call to Action

United Way calls on local business, government, nonprofit, and community members to come together and identify solutions to help move ALICE along their journey of financial stability. Contact us for ALICE Presentation opportunities, to identify current programs serving ALICE, and start discussions on how to develop further solutions to aid ALICE.


United Way calls on leaders at the state and national level to adopt policies that reduce the burdens ALICE encounters on a daily basis and help move them along their journey of financial stability.

Family Moments
Family Time

More About ALICE

Interested in diving deeper into the ALICE data, as well as ALICE in other communties? View United Way of Pennsylvania's ALICE Hub:

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